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Manifestation à Münster/W., Asile pour les objecteurs de conscience et les déserteurs, 2004

Objection de conscience et Asile

(15.05.2021) Dans les années 1990, plusieurs centaines de conscrits de Turquie ont demandé l’asile en Allemagne et dans d’autres pays. Ils ont rendu publique leur objection de conscience. Ils l’ont clairement fait savoir, auprès du consulat de Turquie. Pendant des conférences de presse ou à d’autres occasions, ils ont exprimé qu’ils n’étaient pas disposés à servir dans l’armée turque, notamment, pour protester contre la guerre, alors en cours dans le Sud-Est de la Turquie. Dans de nombreux cas, leurs demandes ont été initialement rejetées par les autorités. Certains ont effectivement réussi à obtenir une protection en vertu du droit des réfugiés. La raison en était très souvent qu’ils devaient s’attendre à des poursuites pénales supplémentaires à cause de leur objection de conscience.

Münster/W.’de eylem 2004

Vicdani Ret ve İltica Hakkı

(15.05.2021) Vicdani Ret ve İltica Hakkı1990 boyunca yüzlerce askerlik yükümlüsü Türkiye vatandaşı Almanya ve diğer ülkelere iltica başvurusunda bulundu. Vicdani redlerini Türkiye konsoloslukları önünde, basın toplantıları ve başka etkinlikler aracılığıyla deklare ettiler; özellikle Türkiye’nin güneydoğusunda o dönem devam etmekte olan savaş durumunu protesto etmek amacıyla Türkiye ordusunda hizmet etmek istemediklerini açıkça belirttiler. Bir çok durumda, iltica başvuruları yetkililer tarafından reddedildi. Bazı durumlarda ise, mülteci hukuku kapsamında sığınma elde etmeyi başardılar. Bu başarılı sığınma taleplerinde, çoğu zaman, kamusal olarak ilan ettikleri vicdanı redleri dolayısıyla beklenen cezai kovuşturmalar etkili oldu.

Military parade in Turkey, © Timo Vogt

Turkey: My experiences in the barracks

(15.05.2021) The history of conscription is a history of militarisation. It is a breathtaking story. And conscription is still effective today in countries like Turkey.

I was to be forced to comply with military orders. When I refused, I was beaten and insulted. I was arrested four times and released each time. Each time after release I was transferred to the barracks again. In total, I spent 18 months in the military prison.

Military parade in Turkey, © Timo Vogt

Turkey: I refuse!

(15.05.2021) I will start with the first day when I was 19 years old. I was sitting in the garden and got a visit from a talkative friend. He told me that we had to show up for the physical examination. I told him, “I won’t go to the military, you can go.” I can’t explain why I wanted to refuse even then, but there was always a voice inside me telling me that something couldn’t be right with the military service.

My friend was stunned and said, “Rebel against the state! They will make you disappear! Where will you go?” He said many foolish things when I talked back at him. At last he turned to my mother and said, “Aunty, you would also be in trouble, they will pressure you to deny help and support to a criminal.”